People have been investing in stocks for centuries—in fact, Wall Street dates all the way back to 1792. It is how many people make money, how companies raise capital, and how the economy stays afloat. And when the stock market crashes, it brings the economy down with it.
On the secondary market, investors buy and sell securities that they already own, and stocks are one of the most commonly traded securities. However, the secondary market is not limited to just trading stocks, there are other types of securities as well. For example, investment banks and corporate investors buy and sell mutual funds on the secondary market. But, before we get too complicated, let’s boil it down to the 4 main things to know about the secondary market:
1. Differences Between the Secondary Market and the Primary Market
The differences between the primary market and secondary market are fairly simple. When a company provides stocks for the first time, it happens on the primary market. The primary market includes initial public offerings, or IPOs, which happens between a purchasing investor and an investment bank. If there are any profits during this exchange, it goes to the company that issues the stock.
However, if the investors in that company decide to sell some of their stake, they will do so on the secondary market. Transactions on the secondary market will happen between investors, and the profits will go to the selling investor and not to the company that issues the stock. Get it?
2. Pricing Regulations Fluctuate on the Secondary Market
In the primary market, prices are set beforehand, but in the secondary market, prices are based on supply and demand. For example, if there is a certain company that investors believe will increase in value, they will all rush to buy it. The demand will rise, and so will the price.
The opposite will happen if a company does not post its earnings—the demand will fall and so will the price. This is why it is important to always keep an eye on your investment trading. You can watch this rise and fall of prices on various websites, such as MarketWatch.
3. You Can Invest in the Secondary Market
The best (and possibly worst) part about the secondary market is that anyone can invest in it. This can be a good or bad thing, depending on your investments. If you want to invest in a certain stock, such as Amazon, you would do so on the secondary market. You would not buy the stock from Amazon directly, but rather from the investors who own that stock.
However, it is always a good idea to get help with these investments, and you can do so with MCT Trading. MCT Trading is a trusted capital markets partner that provides help with secondary market software.
4. The Different Types of Secondary Markets
There are two types of secondary markets: exchanges and over-the-counter (OTC) markets. Exchanges is a marketplace where the buyer and the seller actually never make any direct contact. This can be both a positive and a negative. It is a positive because the heavy regulations in the secondary market ensure that investors can safely exchange securities. It is a negative because the transaction costs tend to be high, due to exchange fees and commissions.
OTC differs in that it is a decentralized marketplace where participants trade strictly among one another, without a broker. However, this means fewer regulations and more risky prices, as the transactions tend to be less transparent.
Understanding the secondary market can be difficult, but it is important to have a good grasp on it, as it is an important aspect of society. While becoming a stock wizard may take some time, it is a good idea to have a basic understanding of the secondary market. These are just a few simple things to know that can get you started on your secondary market journey—before you know it, you may be trading stocks like a pro.