A landfill is a place where waste management professionals can dump junk and other debris.
This waste is buried deep underground, preventing normal people from finding out about it. But it is a problem because it is polluting groundwater and threatening the existence of other living species.
The best way to handle your waste properly is to rent a dumpster. It is a big storage bin into which your trash is placed. It has a locked lid with a padlock, keeping your garbage out of sight and making sure nobody gets in accidentally. It is one of the most effective methods to handle garbage cleanly and efficiently.
Right now, there are three types of landfills: ones for hazardous waste, ones for industrial waste, and ones for solid waste from cities and towns.
Each type limits the types of waste it accepts and employs various techniques to lessen the impact it has on the environment. A new green waste system that lets organic materials be thrown away is controlled and looks like a landfill is also being made.
Landfills For Municipal Solid Waste
If you put your trash in a trash can, it will probably end up in a landfill for municipal solid waste (MSW). For more information, check these links:
Most people think of one of these places when they think of a dump. Even though they are the most common, the general public does not always have access to them.
MSW landfills usually have some of the strictest rules about safety and keeping an eye on things because they get most of the trash from homes, like used tissues and cardboard boxes from a basement cleanout. Most of the time, these rules include restrictions on the lining of landfills, how they work, how they monitor groundwater, and how they close.
Landfills For Industrial Waste
Such a landfill is exactly what it sounds like, and a landfill is used to eliminate this kind of industrial waste. These landfills can take any solid industrial waste, but most people use them to eliminate construction debris, which is why they are also called “C&D” landfills.
Concrete, lumber, asphalt, gypsum, metal, bricks, and building materials are some of the things that are often thrown away in industrial dumps (doors, countertops, cabinets, etc.)
On the other hand, C&D landfills are often used as both material recovery facilities (MRFs) and places to store construction waste. To do this, the staff working at the landfill pile up the items brought in and sorted them to see which ones can be used again and which ones should be thrown away.
Landfills For Hazardous Waste
For reasons that should be clear, hazardous waste dumps are the most carefully run and built dumps. They are designed to contain hazardous wastes in a way that virtually prohibits their release into the environment.
Dump sites for hazardous waste must meet stringent design criteria, such as using two layers of lining, two layers of leachate collection and removal systems, leak detection systems, controls for run-on, runoff, and wind dispersion, and methods to ensure the quality of the construction.
In addition to these architectural features, hazardous waste dumps are checked regularly, often more than once a year, to ensure they follow the law and are up to the highest standards.
Green Waste Landfills
Even though the EPA hasn’t given legal permission for these dumps, many towns are starting to give organic waste a place to break down on its own.
Most regular landfills and transfer stations won’t take things like fruits and vegetables, and especially yard waste, so these composting facilities are becoming more and more popular. Experts say that some “would accept yard waste for higher prices”. “Some sites will take it, but not all of them will.” Your local government is in charge of everything in this area.
Specific Landfills In Florida
Marion County Baseline Landfill
Ocala, Florida’s Marion County Baseline Landfill may be found at 5601 SE 66th St. White products, bulky wastes, tractors, automobile tires, sludge, specific waste, and non-combustible asbestos are all acceptable.
Hernando County Landfill
To dispose of solid waste, the Hernando County Landfill in Brooksville, Florida, buries rubbish and garbage under layers of dirt or other cover materials. The Florida state environmental Department and the United States Environmental Protection Agency regulate sanitary landfills, dump sites, and garbage dumps in Brooksville.
Florida is in charge of approving trash-disposal facilities as well. The Hernando County Landfill’s layout, operations, and permitted waste sources are all governed by permitting regulations.
Bridgeway Acres Landfill
An MSW landfill called Bridgeway Acres Landfill serves as the main backup for the adjacent Waste to Energy Plant. In September 2008, they were given a 7-year operating contract with a potential 3-year extension that would run through August 2018.
Six hundred fifty tonnes of incinerator ash and 250–400 tonnes of non-burnable debris are daily delivered to the landfill during normal operations. Our daily tonnage can increase to 4,000 tonnes if we must shut down the incinerator for maintenance or a breakdown.
How Landfills Affect The Environment
Methane gas from landfills is the biggest problem for the environment. When organic matter breaks down in landfills, it gives off methane gas. When it comes to global warming, methane is a major player. It absorbs heat from the sun 84 times better than carbon dioxide, which makes it a major cause of climate change.
In addition to methane, landfills release carbon dioxide, water vapor, and small amounts of oxygen, nitrogen, and other organic compounds that are not methane. If this gas is not controlled, they can change the climate and make the air dirty.
Most of the time, building a landfill means destroying the natural homes of animals. The size of a landfill is about 600 acres. Even though the law says that landfills must have a plastic or clay liner, these liners often leak. Because of this, leachate, a liquid made by landfills, could get into nearby water sources, hurting ecosystems even more.
Landfills have a few good points, and they are necessary for getting rid of all the trash and junk in Florida. If not watched, poisonous trash in a landfill, for example, could hurt the environment. Also, the methane and carbon dioxide released when trash breaks down in a landfill can be used as a source of energy!
Until a better method of disposing of our various types of trash becomes available, landfills are a necessary part of our daily lives.